Posts Tagged ‘Afghanistan Helmand province’

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Story by 2nd Lt. Scott Murdock

HELMAND PROVINCE, Afghanistan – “When I was here last, we had a 12-year-old boy  turn his father in for making [improvised explosive devices],” said Capt. Aaron  Fisher, Support Company commander, 9th Engineer Support Battalion. “We asked him  why he’d do that. He said he learned in school that IEDs are bad and that bad  people make them.”
Route Tiffany runs east-to-west through the low  rolling hills of southwest Afghanistan. Constant wind makes the air thick with  sun-bleached dust and the sweet smell of blooming poppy. The landscape is as  beautiful as it is deadly.
Marines from 9th ESB left Camp Leatherneck in  northern Helmand province the morning of March 27 to begin construction on the  new road. They reached the dry riverbed, called a wadi by locals, where they  would begin construction and established security by early afternoon.
The  construction team “rolled out a click and a half of road the next day,” said  Chief Warrant Officer 2 Matt Lovely, Heavy Equipment Platoon commander, Support  Company. One or two kilometers of road per day is exactly the pace the Marines  were accustomed to. The next week would not see similar results.
The  night of March 28, one of the team’s armored vehicles was struck by an IED that  killed one Marine and wounded two others. At that point, it became clear that  creating Route Tiffany would not be a typical mission. Telling signs of the  insurgency warned that by leaving the established security area Marines risked  driving into what was likened to a minefield.
Marines bore the effects of  this attack in their hearts and on their bodies. Cpl. Nickolas Gaversoni,  security team leader for the first convoy to begin work on Route Tiffany, pulled  his Marines from the stricken vehicle. His uniform was torn from his body in  places and he was covered in motor oil. Like all Marines there, he continued  working in a way that honored his brothers’ sacrifice.
A second team,  composed of Marines from Support Company, 9th ESB, Army explosive ordnance  disposal, and an Army route clearance platoon, was dispatched from Camp  Leatherneck on April 1 to relieve the Marines in the wadi. From the time the  convoy departed friendly lines it was confronted with small-arms fire and  IEDs.
One of the most frustrating challenges was identifying which  individuals posed a threat.
“A kid carrying yellow jugs in a wheelbarrow  could be getting water for his mom or he could be getting ammonium nitrate to  blow us up,” Fisher said. “One is a hostile act, one is just a good deed for his  mom.”
Fisher explained several reasons for the opposition the teams  faced. Insurgents often use IEDs to protect the poppy fields that provide the  revenue with which they fund the insurgency. They also see any sort of  improvement to the infrastructure of Afghanistan as a threat because it  decreases the degree to which the local population relies on insurgent support.
An established road running directly through poppy fields poses a  serious threat to insurgents.
“Basically wherever you put pavement,  terrorists go away,” said 1st Lt. Andrez Posada, Motor Transport Platoon  commander with Support Company, 9th ESB.
The combined teams received the  full support of their command and quickly sent a strong message to the local  population.
“We’re here to build roads,” said Brig. Gen. John  Broadmeadow, commanding general of 1st Marine Logistics Group (Forward). “The  roads will help you. You can let the insurgents take that away or you can help  us build roads.”
The Marines of Support Company were backed by the full  force of Marine fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft from 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing  (Forward), unmanned aerial vehicles from 1st MLG(Fwd), coordination from 1st  Marine Division (Forward) and I Marine Expeditionary Force (Forward), Army route  clearance platoons and explosive ordnance disposal units, British rotary-wing  aircraft, and Georgian ground patrols and mortar illumination.
“It feels  good to know I’m being backed up,” Posada said. “Now that we’ve got the support  we need, we’ll do it.”
The teams identified threats in the route ahead  using ground and air assets, and cleared the way using various methods of  controlled detonations. The road quickly became crowded with armored trucks and  heavy machinery. Marines labored under heavy body armor stained with rings of  sweat.
As the sun set each night, a second shift of Marines, soldiers  and Navy corpsmen took to the road to continue nonstop construction under the  watchful eyes of Marines picketed along the entire route.
Georgian  mortars cast an eerie glow over the desert, steadily hanging illumination rounds  over the road and adjacent compounds. Under the flares’ flickering light, white  poppy blooms turned bright orange in the black fields.
Days were marked  by explosions from a combination of insurgents’ homemade explosives and military  countermeasures. Line charges ripped through the sky and fell ahead of the  convoy. The charges, and any IEDs in their path, detonated with shock waves that  rippled across the fine Helmand sand.
Every indicator of a potential  IED was treated with the utmost caution.
“There’s a 99 percent chance  that command wire is from a previous blast,” 1st Lt. Tony Cox, the convoy  commander said. “But there’s still a one percent chance that I don’t want to  risk.”
Fisher frequently spoke to local farmers to gain information and  communicate his mission. Sitting in the sand between the road and poppy fields  with village elders, Fisher explained that the road would bring them access to  schools, hospitals and commerce.  Before using explosives to clear IEDs he  assured them he was not there to threaten their lives or livelihoods.
“I  am a peaceful man,” Fisher said. “I have a family. I believe in God.”
Broadmeadow visited his Marines to share words of encouragement and to ensure  they were being taken care of. He asked several Marines what they needed, and  how he could help them. He comforted those whose friends had been wounded or  killed. His face showed genuine concern as he told even the most junior of  Marines to look after one another. As he addressed a large group just before  nightfall, the general demonstrated the kind of resolve and determination that  makes Marines successful.
“This is not easy,” Broadmeadow said. “But it’s  who we are, and it’s what we do.”
The general’s visit marked the  completion of the road that linked the established road to the west to the wadi  that provided the gravel for Route Tiffany. He gave his closing remarks as the  sun sank below the wadi’s protective berm. New aircraft arrived overhead to keep  watch over the construction crews below. Thick black clouds of diesel exhaust  coughed from dump trucks and graders. Headlights flashed to life and  night-vision goggles sprouted from helmets. The Marines turned east and began a  new stretch of road.
“We’re the engineers,” Fisher said. “If we can’t  find a way, we’ll make a way. That’s what we’re going to do right now.”

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Story and photos by MC2 Matthew Snodgrass

Maj. Gen. John A. Toolan, commanding general of Regional Command Southwest, prepares to strike the ceremonial "golden spike" during a ceremony commemorating the completion of a road constructed by Marines with the 7th Engineer Support Battalion, 2nd Marine Logistics Group (Forward), in Helmand province, Aug. 5. The battalion, stationed out of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, Calif., worked in conjunction with Seabees with Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 4 to construct a 27 km road running from Now Zad to Shir Ghazay.

HELMAND PROVINCE, Afghanistan – Marines with 7th Engineer Support Battalion, 2nd Marine Logistics Group (Forward), and Seabees with Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 4 held a “golden spike” ceremony to celebrate the completion of route red west, in Now Zad District, Helmand province, Aug. 5.

Maj. Gen. John A. Toolan, Commanding General of Regional Command Southwest, was on hand to praise the engineers for their hard work in completing the 27 km road, which links Now Zad to Shir Gahzay.

Chief Warrant Officer Brandon Smith, the engineer equipment officer for 7th ESB, and a Kalispell, Mont., native, said the ceremony was a great way for Toolan to meet the engineers and Seabees who made the road possible.

“It was a great time,” said Smith. “General Toolan shook hands with the workers and gave out coins. The engineers are proud of the work they’ve done here, and it was good to see our work was appreciated by the general.”

Route red west is a vital link for the local Afghans in the area for travel and commerce.

“The road connects two population centers, which means these people now have a means to commute freely,” said Smith. “President Karzai has said that roads are a vital step to the modernization of Afghanistan. Roads give the Afghan population freedom of movement to connect with each other.”

The Marine and Navy engineers respect and appreciate one another’s efforts in completing the seven month project, which will increase the freedom of movement between the two cities.

“The Marines were an important part of this construction project and did an outstanding job,” said Lt. j.g. Steven Bischak, the detail officer in charge, and a Stockdale, Texas, native. “We worked well together to get the job done.”

“The Seabees were working here before us, and they’ve been here throughout the whole process,” said Smith. “We both put in long days and the job’s success really reflects that. Both teams did an outstanding job.”

Maj. Gen. John A. Toolan, commanding general of Regional Command Southwest, poses with members of the 7th Engineer Support Battalion, 2nd Marine Logistics Group (Forward), and Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 4 at a ceremony commemorating the completion of a road constructed by the two units in Helmand province, Aug. 5. Seventh ESB, stationed out of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, Calif., worked in conjunction with the Seabees to construct a 27 km road running from Now Zad to Shir Ghazay.

The road construction process also allowed the Marines to interact with the local Afghan population.

“The Afghans were hesitant to talk with us at first, but once they saw the work we were doing for them, they started to approach us,” said Staff Sgt. Alberto Reategui, Security Force Commander for 7 ESB, and an Oceanside, Calif., native. “Some of the Afghans have even given us information on insurgent activity in the area.”

The engineers also helped the local Afghans with machinery and equipment problems, said Reategui.

“It’s very much a give-and-take relationship,” he explained.

The completed road is a positive example of the progress the Afghan nation has had due to ISAF forces ensuring their security, said Smith.

“We’re here to make a positive impact on the people of Afghanistan,” said Smith. “By increasing their security and improving their living conditions, we’re making it easier for them to live freely. This project makes that goal a little closer to being attainable.”

High resolution photos available here.